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Welcome! The following success story is currently under Lone Eagle review but looks to be one of the best indigenous self-empowerment success stories in the world. Many links follow for your review. A summary of the best Knet innovations is planned. Refer additional resources to Frank Odasz frank@lone-eagles.com

The K-Net Story: Community ICT Development Work

New: Dec. 2009

KNET and Canadian Aboriginal Communities

KNET Video Communications Roadblocks Facing Remote Indigenous Communities, published in IEEE 2009

A 345 page Thesis: The KNET Broadband Governance Model

Contact: Brian Beaton  Keewaytinook Okimakanak (K-Net) brian.beaton@knet.ca

 The Kuhkenah Network (K-Net) provides information and communication technologies (ICTs), telecommunication infrastructure and application support in First Nation communities across a vast, remote region of north-western Ontario as well as in other remote regions in Canada. This private telecommunications network supports the development of online applications that combine video, voice and data services requiring broadband and high-speed connectivity solutions. K-Net is a program of Keewaytinook Okimakanak (KO), a First Nations tribal council established by the leaderships of Deer Lake, Fort Severn, Keewaywin, McDowell Lake, North Spirit Lake and Poplar Hill bands to provide a variety of second level support services for their communities. Kuhkenah is an Oji-Cree term for everyone, everywhere.

 The KO First Nation communities are part of Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN), located in northern Ontario, across an area roughly the size of France NAN includes a total population of approximately 25,000 people.  The majority of this population is aboriginal and lives in remote communities with 300-900 inhabitants.  For most of these communities, the only year-round access into or out of their area is by small airplane.

 The accompanying video provides a brief overview of some of the work that has gone into building and sustaining the regional network that supports local community based networks (CBNs). The video was produced by members of the K-Net team working in partnership with George Ferreira, a PhD candidate at the University of Guelph who is completing his thesis work using video material as a medium to present evaluation documentation as well as influence policy and program development (Ferreira, 2004).

 This video was created as part of a larger collection of video material that is being used for a variety of applications. On a Saturday morning in December, we went for a drive around my community of Sioux Lookout and spent time to talk about our work, our partners and our understanding about how these networks can develop and why they are important in remote and rural communities. In the video there is a scene where the base of the new 7.3 metre satellite earth station is being built. Today that satellite dish is operational and the pictures and the video story documenting the construction of this infrastructure are now on-line at http://tech.knet.ca/photos/satellite.

 The production of these videos resulted in several other significant multi-media presentations being produced and shared on-line. The resulting work and presentations are helping others around the world understand the potential and the possibilities for these types of local ICT developments in their own communities. One important product of this work was a multi-media presentation that was produced with the Institute for Connectivity of Americas (http://icamericas.net) and other partners and presented at the World Summit of the Information Society (WSIS) in Geneva. The entire presentation is available on-line at http://smart.knet.ca/kuhkenah_flash.html and consists of a collection of case studies that include an Introduction to K-Net and four specialized case studies covering Network Development, Education, Health and Economic Development, along with accompanying video material for each chapter of the production.

 Community vision and need have been the driving forces behind K-Net’s development. The results impact local communities and the entire region’s health, education and economic opportunities. These video productions provide an explanation of the network’s history, some of the key players, partners and accomplishments to date.  The videos and accompanying print material demonstrate how First Nations people are finding ways to harness these new technologies to strengthen and support the entire community, including their traditions, language and cultural heritage. 

The KO First Nation communities have experienced an impressive amount of development in a relatively short time period. Two of the communities have gone from having one phone for 400 people four years ago, to accessing broadband services from individual homes today. This rapid development of K-Net’s technical infrastructure and services, and its impact on local health, education, and economic development is introduced in these videos.  The K-Net experience and the stories from the communities and the people involved in this work demonstrate how local needs and demands can drive technology and network infrastructure development. 

References Cited 

Beaton, B. & Fiddler, J. (1999, 13-16 October). Living Smart in Two Worlds: Maintaining and Protecting First nation Culture for Future Generations. Local Knowledge/Global Challenge: Smart Community Development. Summerside, Prince Edward Island, Canada.

Ferreira, G., Ramirez, R., Walmark, B. (2004, 18 September). Connectivity in Canada’s Far North: Participatory Evaluation in Ontario’s Aboriginal Communities. Measuring the Information Society: What, How, for Whom and What? Workshop. Brighton, U.K. 

Keewaytinook Okimakanak - Northern Chief Council. (1999) The Kuh-Ke-Nah Network of Smart First Nations. Sioux lookout, Ontario: K-Net, http://smart.knet.ca - additional K-Net video stories are available at http://smart.knet.ca/ict.html, http://smart.knet.ca/fednor_video_list.html, Fort Severn traditional land use videos

Here is a web tour with annotations for those who would like to appreciate the full range of innovations of the K-net project team.

The K-net project infrastructure is based on broadband satellite technology and details are available at their many web sites.

They officially launched the 'Northern Indigenous Community Satellite Network" Jan. 19th, 2005 Check it out at
http://smart.knet.ca/satellite (scroll down the page to see more information about this initiative).

This web tour will focus on their community software innovations. Many of their innovations are based on an open source content management system (CMS) called 'postnuke.'  The term "open source" means the software is free and that anyone can change the software in any way they want. As a result programmers worldwide are simultaneously innovating and improving the software. The purpose of a CMS is to make it as easy as possible for many people without technical skills to contribute content in many formats to benefits others. The K-net project has created simple tutorials, offers both community and personal CMSs along with well-developed tutorials. The key innovation is that many tribal communities have embraced the potential and are using these systems to demonstrate innovative personal and community applications. CMS site are based on modules for posting articles, photogalleries, online discussions, etc. There are literally hundreds of modules available - including modules for Internet TV and Internet Radio.

K-Net Case Studies and Project Overview  http://smart.knet.ca/kuhkenah_flash.html
Here are video overviews of the main componsents of the Knet project including  a collection of case studies that include an Introduction to K-Net and four specialized case studies covering Network Development, Education, Health and Economic Development, along with accompanying video material for each chapter of the production.

Main K-Net Sites

K-Net Home Page

Knet News

Application Sites

The Telehealth on-line environment http://telehealth.knet.ca  -

The Internet high school environment http://kihs.knet.ca  

The on-line space for Canadian First Nation schools  http://firstnationschools.ca  

A Sample School Site http://acec.firstnationschools.ca/ 

A Sample School Site http://johncyesno.firstnationschools.ca/

We are using a modified Moodle environment (open source postnuke module for delivering online courses from www.moodle.com )  for teaching Grade 8  Supplementary Courses (see http://g8.firstnationschools.ca) in First Nation
classrooms across the province.

Special Events

An Online International Conference http://smart.knet.ca/international 
An online international conference involving online presenters from other global indigenous ICT projects. Video and audio presentations have been archived and are available.

Preserving and Teaching Indigenous Language
Examples of using modern technology

Community Sites offered free to First Nation communities, but are also offered to other communities for $300 for installation and a small monthly maintenance free. Custom graphics, additional modules and other technical enhancements are also available. Inquire at http://knet-ca/services/    (These community sites use the firstnation.ca domain which we purchase and renew each year)

http://sandylake.firstnation.ca Includes a great archive of traditional ceremonies, stories, pictures ... and this is just one of the remote First Nations in this region of Northern Canada








Individual Sites  MyKnet offers free CMS sites to individuals. There are probably 40 or 50 of these using the free
environment) 60 million hits a month demonstrate that individuals are using these sites!

When it comes to individuals, there are also many people who stand out ...


http://oliverdixon.myknet.org  A 13 yr old from Sandy Lake. Great example of what kids are capable of these days.

Then there is Craig Hardy, the internet high school teacher, from Fort

William First Nation ... http://fortwilliam.firstnationschools.ca/
thereis a great video clip of him sharing his thoughts at
Harvey Yesno's video clip is good too ... he is another great resource
person ...

Macromedia Breeze Multimedia Presentations
This tool is offered to all K-Net participants so they can host their own instructional presentations with video, audio, powerpoint, and more. A sample presentation is at http://breeze.knet.ca/p49035793 (you might

need to say yes to downloading the required plug-ins). This tool is
available for others to use at K-Net. We are always looking for new partners
who want to promote and develop this service (especially those who work with
First Nations and deal with remote and rural community economic and social
development [smiles])
To see Macromedia Breeze multimedia instructional presentation demo go to  http://breeze.knet.ca/p49035793 and accept the offered download.Concerning the Breeze presentation platform, another nice feature that you can use during your presentation is to "share screen" which allows you to bring up you web site connections so you can do a live tour of your site. Similarily you might do the same thing for your mining of the K-Net site ... A good example of this is Jesse Fiddler's presentation at http://breeze.knet.ca/p46047897/

Brian Beaton Writes: Not too sure about time to write a one pager trying to capture 11 years of work [smiles] ... but I would once again suggest the on-line video clips do tell the story better than any one pager could. I have given a number of presentations over the years about our work and the one that I think had a big impact was to a group of university librarians at an event called Access 2002 [smiles] ... the presentation can be seen at http://knet.ca/documents/access2002.pdf

Tutorials on Learning to Build Content at Your Personal or Community CMS Site
Jesse produced a number of training resources that are available on-line at http://firstnationschools.ca ...
Click on GET HELP FOR YOUR WEBSITE! (in the upper left box under Free Online Services). The online help desk is an on-line Breeze service that Jesse and Cal use to support users to develop their CMS web sites as required.

Select first Flash Tutorial and also see the Dummies Guide to Postnuke. Both are excellent.

More soon and I learn more from my own exploring!


Maybe a good beginning point is http://ned.ca (NED – Native EDucation) which is an open source e-learning environment that we are supporting. Fernando Oliveira has been working with KO for years, facilitating a lot of these e-learning environments.


A spin-off of this work is the online Meeting Placehttp://meeting.knet.ca where all kinds of online activities are taking place. One initiative that Angie is coordinating using this online environment is the employment and training of over 30 young people from different First Nations across Ontario.


Kanina recently completed building a drupal e-business environment for a local book store where the business owners are selling and promoting their products online using this platform. She also developed another platform for the local municipality.


The use of online video is also being facilitated in a number of different activities that we are supporting. Brian Walmark and his crew that included Jordan, Cal and others completed an online media player that can be seen at http://research.knet.ca/?q=node/225. Then there is videoconferencing research initiative that we are involved with in partnership with the National Research Council that can be seen at http://videocom.knet.ca


The NICSN work is moving forward with lots of things happening … some of this work can be seen at http://nicsn.knet.ca. Obviously we are still working on finding funding for the research consortium work but that will come ...


The First Nation owned cellular service is developing ever so slowly but it is moving forward … check it out at http://mobile.knet.ca


Everyone I am copying on this message have their own stories to tell about their work, the First Nation partnerships they bring to the table and results that they are achieving through the effective use of IT. There are many other stories happening every day …



Brian Beaton, K-Net Coordinator
Keewaytinook Okimakanak
Box 1439, 115 King Street
Sioux Lookout, ON, P8T 1B9
T: 807-737-1135 x1251
F: 807-737-1720
IP and ISDN video conferencing
E: brianbeaton@knet.ca




Indigenous Resources

See also http://lone-eagles.com/indigenous.htm and http://lone-eagles.com/alaskan-resources.htm for extensive collected resources on global indigenous innovations. Australian Aboriginal resources at http://lone-eagles.com/aussielinks.htm

The following links are my personal collection for review listings and hence they are quite unorganized.

Photo essays, lang. revitalization using foxfire type activities

http://www.kawerak.org/  TOP grantee, bering strait, eskimo cultural

Native movies/films www.motionvisual.com

www.developmentgateway.org review indigenous resources


Jamaica auction sites? http://mininggold.com http://instantproductsclub.com

Take a look at www.jiva.org    they are doing a lot of interesting things.  Steve
Rudolph was
working in India with them and now he's part time in NJ.  He can answer
you might have.

Indigenous webpage that belongs to the Ashaninka Community of Marankiari Bajo,

in the Central Jungle:
(click on the spears in the middle of the page).  They
have pictures, products that they are trying to
market, and newspaper articles about their website
that have been published in some of Peru's major

http://www.dcm.nt.gov.au/ office of the NT minister

WALTAYLOR When I discussed this issue with Jose Figeures the previous Presiden tof Costa Rica and the person who Kofi Annan has appointed to head up the ICT4D for the UN at the recent Salzburg Seminar on Digital Inclusion (see  http://www.salzburgseminar.org/sessions.cfm?core_id=558&core_group=asc), he suggested that a pincer movement which involved building alliances with the private sector and the international funders was the only way he had been able to achieve success and that his experience with the WSIS process reinforced this view.

So I really hope that you get invited back to have some inputs here and that you can manage treading the line between not biting the hand that feeds you and getting some change in attitude. In terms of what we have been doing, I have been working on a number of international fronts. Firstly, I am involved in the recently funded ($CAD 900 000, SSHRC)CRACIN (Canadian Research Alliance form Innovative and Community Networking) project which provides funds to revisit the CAP and plan for the future. Secondly, we have established a Community INformatics Research Alliance (CIRN)which involves a number of the ussual international suspects to raise the profile of evaluation, process and policy in this area. Thirdly, I have developed soem strong linkages as a result of my involvement with the Salzburg Seminar on Digital Inclusion. (see the following site for some background on those behind the Salzburg Seminar initiative http://www.digitalinclusion.net/) As a result of this Microsoft has funded a company to develop a brand for Digital Inclusion which can be used free on all digital inclusion projects around the globe so that we can lift the profile of this type of work and provide some sort of verifiable independence which sends messages to funders.

Wal Taylor (PhD)
COIN Internet Academy
Faculty of Informatics and Communication
Central Queensland University
Rockhampton, AUSTRALIA
Ph +61 7 4923 2568 Fax + 61 7 4927 0700
Mob +61 (0) 409 456 115
You may wish to view the recently published books:
'Using Community Informatics to Transform Regions' Eds. Marshall, Taylor & Yu.
'Closing the Digital Divide' Eds. Marshall, Taylor & Yu
'Current IT Issues in Education' Ed. Tanya McGill


the new documentary titled "Vis A Vis -

Techno Tribal" shown tonight on Australia SBS Television (Special
Broadcasting Services) and I believe soon to be aired on US television

Barbara Braided Hair's email address is:  bbraidedhair@FIB.com.  I don't

have Dr. Manley Begay's or Dr. Stephen Cornell"s, but I believe they have a
website for their organization, The Udall Center at the University of

AVI http://www.akvillage.com/index.html tom harris

AK building knowledge based economies http://afnevents.org/leadershipforum/

Pricilla Hensley, Alaskan Native Art Foundation, met with World Bank, brokers native art, Joseph's brother in law started www.eziba.com an online catalog of artists.

Brave Rock Whitford Gallery Custom Beadwork
POB 2175, Browning, MT 59417
PH 338-3373, 460-0388
Email: bettywhitford@hotmail.com

Andre Way Sacred and Native American Carvings
610 N 1st, suite5-303 Hamilton
MT 59840 406 375 2461

see http://warriorbiz.com youth omaha tribe


Founded in 1998, the National Association of Tribal Historic Preservation Officers (NATHPO) is a national, not-for-profit organization formed to support and assist tribal governmental efforts to preserve, maintain and revitalize their cultures and traditions.  NATHPO is currently comprised of 46 tribes.  The preservation officers are working to encourage the tribes to utilize heritage tourism as a way to stimulate jobs and economic growth. They have prepared a tribal tourism toolkit that is available online to educate how as well as to highlight resources to support tourism initiatives.  The toolkit can be found at NATHPO's Web site at www.nathpo.org

AVI http://www.akvillage.com/index.html tom harris

AK building knowledge based economies http://afnevents.org/leadershipforum/

http://heartbuttetradingpost.com Janet Runningcrane

Many more in Tachyon email folder,

From: "George Lessard" <media@web.net>
To: "Creative Radio List" <creative-radio@yahoogroups.com>
Sent: Friday, June 18, 2004 10:47 PM
Subject: [creative-radio] "THIS DAY IN ALASKA NATIVE HISTORY" begins
airing - KNBA E-Update - June 2004
Date: Fri, 18 Jun 2004 17:46:58 -0700
Subject: KNBA E-Update - June 2004
MailID: KIN94715588.EML
From: "KNBA 90.3 FM" <agonzalez@knba.org>
Welcome to the KNBA E-Update June 2004 Issue!
A new module called "This Day in Alaska Native History"
began airing on June 2.  This program is a two minute
module focusing on historical events in Alaska Native
history.  It now airs at 7:58 a.m., 11:58 a.m., and 5:58 p.m.
Thank you those who have helped make this program possible:
ConocoPhillips Alaska, The CIRI Foundation, Alaska Humanities
Forum, and those who contributed to the Cultural Program
Fund during the 2004 Alaska Native Art Auction.
KNBA welcomes its newest on air announcer, Danny Preston.
Danny most recently worked with KMBQ in Wasilla where he
was Program Director and morning show talent.  A long time
Alaskan broadcaster, Danny Preston has been recognized over
his career with several Goldie Awards presented by the Alaska
Broadcasters Association including Best Comedy features,
Best Promotional Series and he was awarded as the 2000 ABA
Broadcast employee of the year.  He was also a finalist in
2000 and 2002 for the National Association of Broadcasters
Marconi Award for small market Personality of the Year.
A recent graduate of Mat-Su College, he is active in many
Valley non-profit and charitable events and organizations.
His many years of broadcast experience have taken him through
several musical genres giving him a great depth of artist
reference and appreciation including the latest releases
enjoyed by KNBA listeners.
KNBA is very glad that Danny is joining our team and looks
forward to building a morning show on KNBA with a goal to
increase the amount of Native and South-Central voices and
topics to be heard on KNBA.  Tune into to the new and
improved Morning Line on KNBA soon!
Go online at http://www.knba.org/kbc/employment.shtml to
see other career opportunities currently available at
Koahnic Broadcast Corporation.
Thank you for making the Spring Membership Drive a success!
Over 640 members helped raise $72,500!  All of the thank
you gifts have been ordered, and about 1/2 of them have
arrived.  If you joined during the KNBA Spring Membership
drive last month, then you may have a gift waiting for
you at KNBA.
What?s In:
KNBA Camping Dry Bags
Water Bottles
Some CDs (including: Mary Youngblood, Mindy Smith, Los Lobos,
and other hourly special CDs)
What?s Not In Yet:
Some CDs (including: Toots & the Maytals, and other CDs)
Call ahead to see if your gift is ready at (907) 258-8880.
Or you may email feedback@knba.org to find out.  I expect
all gifts to be on hand by July 6.  If you live outside of
the Anchorage area, your gifts will be mailed to you.  Thank
you again for your support of KNBA 90.3 FM!
KNBA is located at 818 E. 9th Ave. (9th & Ingra), and is open
Mon.-Fri., 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Listener support is one cornerstone of KNBA's annual budget.
Another is support from local businesses. Businesses who
became underwriters or renewed their underwriting support
recently are: National Eye Institute, Cook Inlet Tribal
Council - Family Services, Alaska Native Heritage Center,
Blues on the Green, Mayflower Catering, Indian Country Today,
and Hilton Anchorage Hotel.
Thank you to the following restaurants who contributed to the Spring
Membership Drive:
Alaska Bagel, Inc., Cafe Amsterdam, Diane's Restaurant & Catering,
Great Harvest Bread Co., Horizons Cafe, Hula Hands Poynesian Restaurant,
Kaladi Brothers Coffee Company, Marx Brothers Catering, Mayflower
Catering, Alaska Corn Co., Seui's Polynesian Traditions, and Thai Town.
Thank you to the following companies who provided challenge grants and gifts
for the Spring Membership Drive:
Wells Fargo, Anchorage Downtown Rotary Club, ConocoPhillips Alaska,
NANA Teck Cominco, BP Exploration, Alaska USA Federal Credit Union,
NEA Alaska, Chugach Alaska Corporation, Cook Inlet Tribal Council-Shared
Services, Cook Inlet Tribal Council, Arctic Slope Regional Corporation,
Opti Staffing, Ahtna, Inc., Alaska Native Heritage Center, and
Doyon Family of Companies.
Please consider patronizing businesses that support KNBA,
and when you do, let them know you appreciate their support
of this station! Thank you!
KNBA 90.3 FM - Koahnic Broadcast Corporation
818 E. 9th Ave.; Anchorage, AK 99501
Phone (907)258-8880  Fax (907)258-8914
Request Line: (907) 279-5622
Membership: (907) 743-8807
The mission of Koahnic Broadcast Corporation is to be the
leader in bringing Native voices to the region and nation.
The monthly KNBA E-Update is being sent to you because
you are a KNBA Member, you subscribed, or you have
requested more information about KNBA.  Thoughts,
comments, or suggestions?  We'd love to hear from
you at feedback@knba.org.
If your computer is capable of receiving HTML emails,
you may update your settings by clicking the link at
the end of this message.  Thank you.
By clicking this link:
your friend will receive this E-Update and get an opportunity to sign up for
future issues.
KNBA is supported by listeners.  To become a member,
renew your membership, or to find out more about
KNBA Membership, go to www.knba.org. Thank you to those
who have joined online and via mail this spring already!


Date: Mon, 31 May 2004 15:49:17 +0530
From: Vickram Crishna <vvcrishna@softhome.net>
To: gkd@phoenix.edc.org
Subject: Re: [GKD] Community Learning by Radio and the Internet
On 5/26/04, John Hibbs wrote:
>  What would happen if micro radio would be so ubiquitous (and affordable)
>  that children everywhere would have a frequent opportunity to be their
>  own content developers? broadcasters? Wouldn't this activity compare to
>  the piano recital? Christmas play? soccer game? How much value arises
>  when the speaker knows that her grandmother is listening? or even the
>  mayor? what "internal" value comes to those who have "been on the
>  radio"?
What does it take to organise a reference demonstration of this simple
Not much really - except that it would be quite illegal in most
countries, due to the same kind of thinking that has paralysed South
Africa (cf the article posted by bridges.org very recently on this list)
on the subject of WiFi and VoIP.
Here are the building blocks of micro-radio:
    * An inexpensive low power transmitter
    * Antenna
    * Microphone
    * Recording device
    * Editing device
    * Playback device (may be the same as the recording device)
As I write this, I am listening to jazz on the radio, broadcast on the
Net by www.attentionspanradio.net and sent from my sound card to the
input jack of a tiny FM transmitter with a rudimentary antenna (their
d-i-y designs can be downloaded conveniently from
http:///www.radiophony.com, the Radiophony website), which cost a total
of IRs 200 to assemble, and the long-life rechargeable 12V battery which
powers it cost IRs 90. FYI, Rs 300 is approximately USD 6.5 these days.
The signal is just powerful enough to reach every room in the house.
For one account of what "internal value" really means, browse through
our website (Radiophony is promoted by Dr Arun Mehta and myself, both of
us are present on this list), where we describe the experience of
setting up India's first rural radio station (later shut down by some
bureaucrats). There are really no words to describe the thrill so
visible on the faces of villagers as they heard their voices on their
radio (in fact, they later named their station Mana Radio, which means
Our Radio in the local - Telugu - language). The station was powered by
a similar transmitter as the one I am listening through now, and with a
suitably placed antenna, every home (within half a kilometer from the
antenna mast) could tune in to their own village station.
But to return to the question raised by John Hibbs, what would it take
to 'scientifically' demonstrate the internal value? What would it take
to make radio ubiquitous and affordable?
By international agreement, the frequencies from 87.5 MHz to 108 MHz are
reserved for public broadcasting over FM. This fact has had a very
useful outcome, in that consumer FM radio receivers are extraordinarily
cheap in most parts of the world. This means that FM radio listening is
affordable, for the most part, but at the same time, the restricted band
of frequencies for the purpose has led to a commonly expressed fear
psychosis that the spectrum is a scarce commodity. Market forces usually
ensure that scarcity drives up prices, and in the case of FM broadcast
license fees or spectrum usage charges, this is true.
In the US, one of the world's heaviest users of spectrum in the FM band,
prices are sky-high, and the government has been stepping back from
protectionist measures that secured a place for public service radio.
Most public service radio frequencies are held by well-funded
organisations, while commercial radio has become massively dominated by
a very few media companies, and there does not seem to be much scope for
nindependent micro-radio to flourish, on the surface.
the reality is somewhat different.
Actually there are many 'pirate' stations that broadcast independent
content, and a groundswell movement that seeks to open the spectrum for
more micro-radio. The FCC has been forced to take note of the pioneering
study by the Prometheus Project (http://www.prometheusradio.org/) and a
hearing on Localism in Broadcasting will take place today (May 26) in
Rapid City, South Dakota. Sen John McCain is also expected to introduce
a legislation shortly to mandate bandwidth for low power radio.
Much more can be done to make the technology easily available.
The circuit on our website is not ideally temperature stable nor
filtered to a very high quality (US standards militate towards a
separation of 200 KHz between stations) - it was designed for low cost
and easy component availability.
What is needed is a handy circuit that can be easily tuned to lock onto
frequencies 200 KHz apart, encased in a simple, cheap and hardy box, and
an accompanying range of easy to build and tune antennae, so that
thousands of little stations can be set up within a few hundred meters
of each other, without the need for expensive one time use
It won't take much to upgrade the technology of consumer level devices
to achieve the specifications outlined above - but someone must get down
and fine-tune them, and someone else must work out the best low cost
solution that can be mass-produced like cheap and durable toys. This
could be done through an online discussion, or a physical workshop where
both the technology and the means of its dissemination can be pinned
down. Is anyone ready to bell the cat?  --
***GKD is solely supported by EDC, a Non-Profit Organization***
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Information & Media Specialist
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MSN: MediaMentor (video cam & audio capable)
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Images: <http://www.flickr.com/photos/george-lessard/>
Member <http://www.carcc.ca/>  & <http://www.caj.ca>
"You must be the change you wish to see in the world."

From: "Robyn Kamira @ PI" <rkamira@pauainterface.com>

Kia ora all,
I have a request from a broadcasting friend.  Does anyone know of indigenous
broadcasters in Australia, Canada, or North America.
Particularly, Indigenous television, tribal-based production, and community
based TV.
Thank you,


Digital Story Telling www.storycenter.org/memvoice/pages/cookbook.html I think the idea of digital story telling is a wonderful way for students to present and publish their “stories.”   This website gives step-by-step directions on how to implement this with your class. 

Radio KSKO in McGrath, Alaska

From: artur serra <artur@ac.upc.es>
To: ciresearchers@vancouvercommunity.net,
        "Robyn Kamira @ PI" <rkamira@pauainterface.com>
Cc: Indigenous-IT@yahoogroups.com, martin@sat.qc.ca

Robyn Kamira @ PI wrote:
>Kia ora all,
>I have a request from a broadcasting friend.  Does anyone know of indigenous
>broadcasters in Australia, Canada, or North America.
>Particularly, Indigenous television, tribal-based production, and community
>based TV.
>Thank you,
Hi Robyn,
How are you doing? I visited Montreal months ago and I found very
interesting the work of SAT with the inuits in Quebec.. Let me introduce
Martin Chartrand. He is head of innovation of SAT. Here  you can find 
Hi Martin, let me introduce  Robyn Kamira  from New Zeland working in
the area of community networking. I met her several times during the 
organiization of Global CN Partnership.
I've also fund  interesting the tv channel of aboriginal people I saw in
the cable system of the hotel in Montreal. It is  called ..APTN, 
Aboriginal Peoples Television Network.. 
This is the area I'm working now, a platform  for languages and cultures
based on advance Internet, starting with the catalan culture, :-)

Indigenous broadcasters in australia

Two examples that might be of interest...
Koori Radio (Australia)
CTV (Community TV Australia) - Not 100% indigenous however a significant
portion of the content is Koori. IMHO an excellent example of active
Robyn ... In Canada... I work with the folks at Wawatay Native
Communications Society (www.wawatay.on.ca) that has both radio and
television departments as well as print working out of Sioux Lookout. The
web site is mainly promoting the print side of things. The television
division is mainly producing material for the national aboriginal television
network (www.aptn.ca) working out of Winnipeg and Toronto.
A recent aboriginal radio broadcast came on-line a few months ago out of
Toronto and they seem to be doing neat things with plans to scale up into
other cities across Canada ... (http://www.aboriginalradio.com/) ...
There are other aboriginal radio and television groups working on a regional
and national level in Canada but I am not aware of these ...
Brian Beaton
K-Net / ON-RMO Coordinator
Keewaytinook Okimakanak
Box 1439, 115 King Street
Sioux Lookout, ON, P8T 1B9
Tel: 807-737-1135, Toll-Free: 877-737-KNET (5638) ext 51251
Fax: 807-737-1720
Video Conferencing and video bridging services available
e-mail: brian.beaton@knet.ca

Australian Community Foods <http://www.communityfoods.org.au>

Culture Lab International <http://www.culturelab.org.au>
Currently, your mates at DoCITA are asking for comment on the idea of an
indigenous broadcasting network.


I'm working as part of a couple of larger Community Informatics research
consortia with Brian Beaton of K-net, the outstanding aboriginal ICT hub
in Northern Ontario www.knet.ca


Brian has presented a challenge to the researchers involved in these
consortia to take the issues of "communty based" Informatics research"
seriously and to "walk the talk" as below...


"I would like to suggest researching best practices for engaging
Aboriginal (MG: and non-aboriginal Communities) communities in the
effective use of ICTs to train and support local Aboriginal youth and
others to identify local projects requiring evaluation components,
create local data collection strategies, prepare presentations of the
findings and utilize the information in local decision making and
reporting. One outcome of such a collaborative effort would be to
support the development of local employment opportunities in Aboriginal
communities as well as transfer valuable skills and results to local
initiatives and individuals."


This follows along from the exceptional document that Hannah Beardon
pointed us to and the
participatory (ethnogoraphic) action research (PAR) approach being
promoted by UNESCO